Cut Pile Carpet
During the weaving of cut pile carpeting, the loops that are formed and twisted from the yarns are cut to be made the same height. Then, these dense loops are allowed to tuft slightly, which creates an appearance of softness. Cut pile carpeting can be made to varying degrees of density, thus providing solid cushioning underfoot.
Cut pile carpets come in several styles. Each has slight variations in the twist of the yarns as well as in the fibers used.
Plush or velvet plush carpeting has a high degree of density in the yarn fibers. When plush carpeting is manufactured, the yarn used has only a little twist in the fibers. Because of this characteristic, the tufts created are thick and appear to be a single level of yarn ends. Plush carpeting has a smooth, even finish that is soft to the touch and provides a bit of a more formal look than other cut pile carpeting styles.
Textured carpeting, a more casual choice than plush carpeting, uses low density fibers of uneven heights. It is twisted and steamed to create a permanent curl that reduces light reflectivity. Thus, it appears to be trackless, which means that footprints and other slight indentations will not be easily seen. Additionally, textured carpeting hides dirt and other signs of wear and tear.
Saxony carpeting uses long, bulky yarn fibers that are twisted tightly, which results in dense, straightforward tufts. It has a smooth, even finish. This type of carpeting resembles a freshly cut lawn and is so thick and soft that it easily shows vacuum lines and footprints.
Frieze carpeting is made of long fibers with many tight twists and turns that curl over one another. These fibers do not bend in the same direction, so frieze carpeting is not as smooth as other cut pile choices. Instead, it appears to be rough and nubby, making it able to hide footprints and other signs of wear and tear with ease. Those frieze carpets with very long piles are called shag and look like loose ends of a ball of yarn.
Similar to a cable-knit sweater, cable carpeting is chunky, cozy, and comfortable. It is made with very thick, long fibers that create a rugged look while also providing a supportive, lush feel. Because of the extremely long fibers, cable carpeting can easily be crushed and become matted with very heavy foot traffic.
Loop Pile Carpet
Whereas the loops in cut pile carpeting are cut, the loops in loop pile carpeting remain uncut and are visible. Loop pile carpets are made from long lasting fibers that are woven or tufted and are pushed through the backing material. Usually, loop pile carpeting does not provide as much natural cushioning as cut pile carpeting, so buyers may want to consider increased padding.
Loop pile carpet is extremely durable and is considered an all-purpose carpet because of its functionality. Since it often combines loops of various heights and colors, this type of carpeting hides wear and tear naturally, making imperfections less noticeable.
There are various styles to choose from when considering loop pile carpet.
Level Loop or Berber
In level loop pile carpets, short, packed looped fibers of similar height are combined to form a flat, textured surface. These loops help hold dirt on the surface of the carpeting, making it easy to maintain if vacuumed frequently. On the other hand, if berber carpeting is not maintained, it can hold in the dirt if it permitted to seep through the fibers. Level loop carpeting often has some colored flecks in the fiber that make it easy to hide staining. This type of carpeting is very durable and casual. It is often chosen for high traffic areas.
Patterned Multi-Level Loop
This carpet style has loops of varying heights that are used to create a texture, design, or pattern. Solid colors or several colors may be used to further develop a pattern. Popular patterns include floral and geometric designs. Due to the patterns and multi-level loops, this style of carpeting hides imperfections well.
Cut and Loop
As the name suggests, cut and loop carpeting is a mixture between cut pile and loop pile fibers. It combines low, uncut loops with tall clipped fibers to create a textured illusion. It is often referred to as “sculpture carpet” because of the in-depth patterns and pictures that are frequently found on this type of carpeting. Just as with patterned multi-level loop carpeting, cut and loop carpeting is also good at hiding wear and tear, thanks to the different textures used.